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Artificial human enhancement, genetic modification, cyborgs
Artificial human enhancement, which may involve both genetic modification and cyborglike enhancements to our physical capabilities, has become a distinct possibility. In addition to the great improvements enhancement might bring to our wellbeing, it can also exacerbate serious social problems, such as economic and political inequality. In this paper, I explore some of these problems. In addition, by building on theories of social justice by established philosophers such as John Rawls, Elizabeth Anderson and Debra Satz, I propose a list of principles which can regulate the inequality caused by artificial enhancement in a society of free and equal citizens.